Cucumbers are a rewarding vegetable to grow at home and an excellent addition to any garden. Below we share the basics of growing cucumbers in a home garden, as well as common mistakes and considerations.
Cucumbers are not a frost tolerant vegetable. This means the best time to plant them is mid to late spring, once there is no longer a chance of frost in your area.
Plant your cucumber seeds directly in the soil of your garden or container at a depth of 0.5 inches (1 centimetre). Seeds can be planted outside or you can germinate them indoors and transplant them later. Typically, cucumber seeds take about 1 - 2 weeks to fully germinate.
If transplanting, the best time to move cucumber plants outside is when they reach 3 - 4 inches (7 - 10 centimetres) tall or have at least 3 - 4 true leaves.
When planting cucumbers in the garden, it’s best to space them 2 - 3 feet (75 centimetres) away from the nearest plant.
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The key to caring for cucumbers in containers is well draining soil and a pot big enough for their root system. Aim for a pot that is roughly 1,155 cubic inches (18,927 cubic centimetres) in size. Five-gallon buckets are a great container option for cucumbers. And they’re cheap too!
For more in depth information, check out our full guide on growing cucumbers in containers.
On average, it takes about 55 days for planted cucumber seeds to develop into a fully mature plant.
Typically, cucumber plants reach about 1 - 2 feet (or 30 - 60 centimetres) in height. Though this can fluctuate depending on the variety.
Cucumbers need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight every day in order to thrive. Be careful to place your plants in an area that receives adequate sunlight. Otherwise, they may not mature properly.
Cucumbers like well draining soil that is kept consistently moist, but not wet or soggy. The amount of water it takes to achieve this effect will differ depending on the type of soil available to you.
Be sure to water your cucumbers on a consistent, steady schedule. This will ensure the plant yields a healthy, uniform crop.
If growing your cucumbers in pots, they will need to be watered more frequently than cucumbers planted directly in the garden.
You will know your cucumbers are in need of more water when their leaves wilt, yellow, and/or the plant begins to droop. But be careful, this can also happen if the plant receives too much water. This is a difficult balance for most novice gardeners. But the more time you spend with your cucumbers, the better you’ll be able to gauge how thirsty they are.
Cucumbers are ready to pick when they’re about 5 - 8 inches (12 - 20 centimetres) in size. Leaving a short bit of stem attached, cut the cucumber from the plant with a sharp knife or scissors. Be careful to avoid pulling them by hand, as this can cause vines to break.