How to Grow Bell Peppers - The Complete Guide

How to Grow Bell Peppers - The Complete Guide

Bell peppers are a rewarding vegetable to grow at home and an excellent addition to any garden. Below we share the basics of growing bell peppers in a home garden, as well as common mistakes and considerations.

When to Plant Bell Peppers

Bell peppers are not a frost tolerant vegetable. This means the best time to plant them is mid to late spring, once there is no longer a chance of frost in your area.

If you live in the U.S., check out the Farmer’s Almanac or the USDA’s Plant Hardiness Zones for more help regarding frost and the best dates for planting in your area.

How to Plant Bell Peppers

Plant your bell pepper seeds directly in the soil of your garden or container at a depth of 0.5 inches (1 centimetre). Seeds can be planted outside or you can germinate them indoors and transplant them later. Typically, bell pepper seeds take about 1 - 2 weeks to fully germinate.

If transplanting, the best time to move bell pepper plants outside is when they reach 3 - 4 inches (7 - 10 centimetres) tall or have at least 3 - 4 true leaves.

When planting bell peppers in the garden, it’s best to space them 2 - 3 feet (75 centimetres) away from the nearest plant.

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How to Grow Bell Peppers in Pots

The key to caring for bell peppers in containers is well draining soil and a pot big enough for their root system. Aim for a pot that is roughly 1,155 cubic inches (18,927 cubic centimetres) in size. Five-gallon buckets are a great container option for bell peppers. And they’re cheap too!

For more in depth information, check out our full guide on growing bell peppers in containers.

How Long do Bell Peppers Take to Grow

On average, it takes about 70 - 80 days for planted bell pepper seeds to develop into a fully mature plant.

How Big do Bell Peppers Get

Typically, bell pepper plants reach about 2 - 4 feet (or 1 metre) in height. Though this can fluctuate depending on the variety.

How Much Sunlight do Bell Peppers Need

Bell peppers need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight every day in order to thrive. Be careful to place your plants in an area that receives adequate sunlight. Otherwise, they may not mature properly.

How Much Water do Bell Peppers Need

Bell peppers like well draining soil that is kept consistently moist, but not wet or soggy. The amount of water it takes to achieve this effect will differ depending on the type of soil available to you.

Be sure to water your bell peppers on a consistent, steady schedule. This will ensure the plant yields a healthy, uniform crop.

If growing your bell peppers in pots, they will need to be watered more frequently than bell peppers planted directly in the garden.

You will know your bell peppers are in need of more water when their leaves wilt, yellow, and/or the plant begins to droop. But be careful, this can also happen if the plant receives too much water. This is a difficult balance for most novice gardeners. But the more time you spend with your bell peppers, the better you’ll be able to gauge how thirsty they are.

How to Harvest Bell Peppers

Bell peppers are ready to pick when the fruit is roughly 4 - 5 inches long and they have reached their desired color. Leaving a short bit of stem attached, cut the pepper from the plant with a sharp knife or scissors. Be careful to avoid pulling them by hand, as this can cause branches to break.

About Me

Hi, I’m Allison! Over the years, I’ve gained a lot of knowledge about growing your own food at home. Now, I want to share that knowledge with others. When I first started gardening, I was overwhelmed by the amount of information available on the subject. It was intimidating! But after years of trial and error, I learned that growing produce at home need not be as technical and complicated as some make it out to be.

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